Frequently Asked Questions

American Society for Microbiology

Author

Content Delivery

Copyright Notice

Reuse of CC-BY Content

Reuse of CC-BY-NC Content

Data Supplements

Format

Portion

Quantity

Commercial Reprint

Requestor Type

Translation

Types of Use

Public Domain and Crown Copyright

 

mBio Articles Additional Information

Author(s) of the mBio® article selected

ASM Author Services System

Attribution and Permission Statement

Category of Reuse

Supplemental Material

 


 

Contact: American Society for Microbiology

For questions regarding American Society for Microbiology content or types of use not specified within RightsLink, please contact:

E-mail: journals@asmusa.org

Telephone: +1-202-942-9244

 

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Author (of the ASM article selected)

 

May I post my article to my institution’s repository?

ASM grants authors the right to post their accepted manuscripts in publicly accessible electronic repositories maintained by funding agencies, as well as appropriate institutional or subject-based open repositories established by a government or non-commercial entity.

 

Since ASM makes the final, typeset articles from its primary-research journals available free of charge on the ASM Journals and PMC websites 6 months after final publication, ASM recommends that when submitting the accepted manuscript to PMC or institutional repositories, the author specify that the posting release date for the manuscript be no earlier than 6 months after the final publication of the typeset article by ASM.

 

May I post my article in full on my own website or on my employer’s website?

ASM grants the author the right to post his/her article (after publication by ASM) on the author's personal or university-hosted website without ASM's prior permission, provided that proper credit is given to the original ASM publication, but NOT on any corporate, government, or similar website.

 

May I make copies of my article in full without permission?

Corresponding authors are entitled to 10 free downloads of their papers. Additionally, all authors may make up to 99 copies of his/her own work for personal or professional use (including teaching packs that are distributed free of charge within your own institution). For orders of 100 or more copies, you should seek ASM’s permission by contacting journals@asmusa.org, or purchase access through Highwire’s Pay-Per-View option, available on the ASM online journal sites.

 

May I republish/adapt portions of my article?

ASM also grants the authors the right to republish discrete portions of his/her article in any other publication (including print, CD-ROM, and other electronic formats) of which he or she is author or editor, provided that proper credit is given to the original ASM publication. “Proper credit” means either the copyright lines shown on the top of the first page of the PDF version, or “Copyright © American Society for Microbiology, [insert journal name, volume number, page numbers, and year]” of the HTML version.

 

May I use the ASM Author Billing System (ABS) to submit payments for licenses procured through RightsLink?

The ASM Author Billing System (ABS) is an online billing system designed specifically for ASM journal authors who have articles in press. ABS and RightsLink are separate systems. The ASM eStore does not provide access to RightsLink. Payments for RightsLink orders are processed by Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink service.

 

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Content Delivery

Yes, you need a copy of the content you wish to reproduce. This service provides permission for reuse only. Please be advised that obtaining the content you license is a separate transaction not involving RightsLink. We recommend that users contact their librarians or the corresponding author of the article in order to obtain the content.

 

Alternatively, if the article from which you seek to reuse content is under access control, you may purchase a single copy of the article PDF from the individual journal website. Content may be reused according to the terms of your agreement.

 

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Copyright Notice

You must include the copyright and permission notice in connection with any reproduction of the licensed material, i.e. Journal name, year, volume, page numbers, DOI (where available), original image and/or table number (where applicable) and reproduced/amended with permission from American Society for Microbiology.

 

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Reuse of CC-BY Content

 

Some Open Access article may be published under a Creative Commons Attribution license.  The author(s) retains copyright under this license.  Others may copy, distribute, adapt, reorganize, and build upon the published work, as long as credit to the author and original article is given, and the new work, which includes the previously published content is licensed under identical terms.  (Note that CC-BY articles published in 2016 are covered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license, while CC-BY articles published prior to 2016 are covered under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license).

                     

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Attribution and Permission Statement

The author(s) retains copyright under this license. Others may copy, distribute, adapt, reorganize, and build upon the published work, as long as credit to the author and original article is given, and the new work, which includes the previously published content, is licensed under identical terms.

ASM considers “credit” to mean that the full citation to the original publication and permission notice in connection with any reproduction of the licensed material is included in the new work.  i.e. Authors, Journal name, year, volume, page numbers, original image and/or table number (where applicable) DOI and reproduced/amended with permission from American Society for Microbiology under a Creative Commons Attribution license. An example of the citation format can be seen on the first page of the article PDF [e.g., Stabler RA, Negus D, Pain A, Taylor PW. 2013. Draft genome sequences of Pseudomonas fluorescens BS2 and Pusillimonas noertemannii BS8, soil bacteria that cooperate to degrade the poly-gamma-D-glutamic acid anthrax capsule. Genome Announc. 1(1):e00057-12. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00057-12.

 

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Reuse of CC-BY_NC Content

Starting In 2015 some Open Access articles may be published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 license.  The author(s) retain copyright under this license.  You must include the citation to the original publication and permission notice in connection with any reproduction of the licensed material, i.e. Authors, Journal name, year, volume, page numbers, DOI and reproduced/amended with permission from American Society for Microbiology under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial ShareAlike license.  (Note that articles published after 2015 are covered by the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international license.)

 

 

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Data Supplements

ASM does not own the copyrights to Supplemental Material that may be linked to, or accessed through, an article. Please contact the corresponding author directly.

 

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Format

Format reflects the means of reproduction of ASM content.

 

Unless specifically granted in the license, the license does not allow the use of the material in any other edition or by any additional means of reproduction including (by way of example) motion pictures, sound tapes, and phonograph records; nor does the license cover book clubs, abridgements, or selections which may be made of the publication except as specified in the license.

 

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Portion

Portion describes which element of an ASM article you wish to reuse. Portions offered in the drop-down menu include:

 

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Quantity (Number of Copies)

Quantity reflects the number of recipients, regardless of material format (print or electronic). A publication delivered as a package in both print and electronic format to the same recipient reflects a print run of one; the same publication delivered in print format to one recipient and electronic format to a second recipient, however, reflects a quantity of two.

 

So if, for example, you wish to use the requested material for a newsletter which will be distributed to the same 100 people both in print and on CD-ROM, you should enter a quantity of 100. If, however, the print newsletter will go to 100 recipients and the CD-ROM version of the newsletter to a different 100 recipients, you should enter a quantity of 200.

 

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Requestor Type

Requestor type identifies the type of organization you represent and your intended use of the article. Your response will determine licensing rights and associated ASM pricing. Please select the requestor type offered in the drop-down menu which best reflects for whom the license is being procured:

 

1.    Commercial:  

·        Use by an organization legally recognized as a commercial entity (demonstrated, for example, by payment of taxes or being incorporated).

The content being requested will be distributed for a fee or is supported by advertising/corporate sponsorship. This includes:

·        Commercial / for-profit publishers: e.g. McGraw-Hill, Nature Publishing Group, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, or other corporate entities like BlackBoard, XanEdu

·        PR/Advertising/Medical Communications Agency/Media

 

2.    Non-profit:

·        Requested by an academic or educational institution (Universities, colleges, community colleges). 

·        Requested by a not-for-profit publisher (Scientific societies, university presses)

·        Requested by the government (NIH, Walter-Reed, CDC, etc.)

·        Other not-for-profit entity (charity)

 

3.    Pharma company/Agency on behalf of pharma:

Reuse will be by a legally recognized pharmaceutical organization. If your organization fits into one of the following categories, you should select this requestor type:

·        Medical educational company

·        Agency acting on behalf of a pharmaceutical company

·        Medical device company

·        CME (continuing medical education) provider

·        Medical communications company

 

Author (of original ASM article):

Reuse will be by the author of the ASM article. In general authors are allowed many reuse rights with no charge. RightsLink will display a corresponding gratis messaging as authors select order preferences, an example of which has been included in the next paragraph.

 

Authors in ASM journals retain the right to republish discrete portions of his/her article in any other publication (including print, CD-ROM, and other electronic formats) of which he or she is author or editor, provided that proper credit is given to the original ASM publication. ASM authors also retain the right to reuse the full article in his/her dissertation or thesis. For a full list of author rights, please see: http://journals.asm.org/site/misc/ASM_Author_Statement.xhtml.

 

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Types of Use

A type of use describes what you may wish to do with copyrighted content and what the publisher permits. ASM does not permit its content being used to support or endorse any company, product or service or make a health-related claim regarding a company, product or service. The following are ASM types of use business rules:

 

Book/Textbook

Brochure/pamphlet

Email

CD-ROM, DVD

CME/training materials

Coursepack

Dissertation/Thesis

ePrint or Digital Articles

Intranet

Journal

Newsletter/Newspaper/Magazine

Photocopy

Press Release

Commercial Reprints

Translate Book

Translate Periodical


 

Book/Textbook

ASM offers permission to reuse content in print and electronic versions, provided the electronic version is equivalent to or substitutes for the print version. Rights are granted only for reuse of excerpts, figures, images and/or tables: ASM does NOT grant rights for the republication of the full article in a book or textbook. Requestors may include a direct link to the ASM journal content.

 

Requestors must include the copyright and permission notice in connection with any reproduction of the licensed material, i.e. Journal name, volume, page numbers, year, DOI and reproduced/amended with permission from American Society for Microbiology. This permission only covers a single edition of the work as identified during the order process.

 

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Brochure/pamphlet

A brochure license authorizes you to reproduce the article in a brochure — including short printed works and independent publications consisting of several pages of printed matter. A brochure, usually not sold, contains descriptive or advertising material, such as an annual report. A pamphlet license authorizes you to reproduce the article in a pamphlet — including short printed works and independent publications consisting of several pages of printed matter. A pamphlet is an unbound printed publication usually having a paper cover. Brochures and pamphlets are measured in units printed.

 

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E-mail

E-mail permission enables you to distribute the entire article via e-mail to no more than 99 recipients.   You must state in your e-mail, next to the credits, that no further distribution or reproduction is allowed. For orders of 100 or more e-mail recipients, please submit a permission request directly to journals@asmusa.org.

 

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CD-ROM/DVD

CD-ROM/DVD permission enables you to reproduce the publisher's article or portion thereof in a CD-ROM or DVD, provided that such CD-ROM or DVD edition is not accessible online or through any other means of multi-point distribution. This permission is for up to 99 CD or DVD discs. A CD-ROM is defined as a compact disc capable of storing computer data. A DVD is defined as an optical disc containing multimedia and/or computer data. CD-ROMs and DVD are measured in units 'burned'.  For permission to produce 100 or more CD-ROMs/DVDs, please submit a permission request directly to journals@asmusa.org.

 

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CME/training materials

A CME/training materials license authorizes you to reproduce the article in the course, seminar, conference, or meeting indicated in your request. Access to reprinted ASM material must be restricted to attendees of your event only (if you have been granted online rights for use of a full text article, your website must be password protected, or access restricted so that only attendees can access the content on your site). If you are using ASM Material on a CD, DVD, Flash Drive, or the World Wide Web, you must include the following notice in any electronic versions, either adjacent to the reprinted ASM material or in the terms and conditions for use of your electronic products:  "Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or in part, without prior written permission from the publisher.”

 

 

Coursepack

Coursepack provides a license for a non-profit, academic institution to reproduce the Publisher’s article or portion thereof as part of a coursepack. Coursepacks are booklets of related articles prepared as supplemental materials for a course of study at a school or university.  The number of copies reflects the quantity of recipients, regardless of material format (print or electronic). A coursepack delivered as a package in both print and electronic format to the same student reflects a quantity of one; the same coursepack delivered in print format to one student and electronic format to a second student, however, reflects a quantity of two.

 

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Dissertation/Thesis

ASM authorizes an advanced degree candidate to republish the requested material in his/her doctoral thesis or dissertation. If your thesis, or dissertation, is to be published commercially, then you must reapply for permission.

 

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ePrint and Digital Articles

Q: What are ePrints?

A: ePrints are electronic PDF versions of journal articles published by the American Society for Microbiology. Purchasing ePrints enables requestors to set the number of machines that can have access to the document.

 

Q:What are Digital Articles?

A: Digital Articles are electronic versions of journal articles published by the American Society for Microbiology available for view in most mobile devices and desktop computers.  Purchasing a digit article enables requestors to set the number of times the digital article can be viewed on-line per unique visitor - or the number of months the digital article will remain available.

 

Q: Can I Print a Copy of the ePrint?

A: Users are able to print out a copy of the article PDF, but the print copies are intended for personal use only. The following statement appears at the bottom of every PDF article page: Print Copies Are Not Intended for Distribution, Display or Promotion.

 

Q: Can I print a Copy of the Digital Article?

A: Users are able to request the print option be enabled to print out a copy of the article; however, print copies are intended for personal use only.  The following statement appears at the bottom of every PDF article page: Print Copies Are Not Intended for Distribution, Display or Promotion.

 

Q: How do I access the ePrints that I have ordered?        

A: When ordering an ePrint of an ASM journal article, you will be provided with a link via email. When you click on the link, you will see detailed instructions on how to download and save the document to your computer for later viewing. Although it is possible to view the ePrint from the link, you MUST be connected to the Internet the first time the document is opened to allow your ePrint to be validated. Saving the file to your desktop is generally more efficient. Please note that ASM reviews and approves each order. If your request is denied, you will be contacted within two business days.

 

Q: How do I access the Digital Articles that I have ordered?

A: When ordering a Digital Article of an ASM journal article, you will be provided with a link via email.  When you click on the link to view the Digital Article, you MUST be connected to the Internet.  You need to bookmark the link to your tablet or desktop browser for future review.

 

Q: What are the technical requirements for accessing ePrints?

A: Users must have Acrobat Reader 4.0 or higher. Users must be running Windows 2000, XP, or Vista in order to view Secure Documents. Windows 95, 98, ME, and NT are not supported. Mac users must be running Mac OSX 10.3 or higher.

 

Q: What are the technical requirements for accessing Digital Articles?

Browsers:

 

Internet Explorer:

 

Google Chrome

 

FireFox

 

Safari

 

Adobe Flash

 

JavaScript:

 

Mobile Device Support:

 

To obtain a quote for ePrints or Digital Articles, send an email to reprints2@cadmus.com

 

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Intranet

An Intranet site license authorizes you to post publisher’s content to your company's intranet, having access restricted to a limited group of authorized users (e.g. employees of your company) . Each license is unique, covering only one reuse type. If you choose to reproduce the content on your intranet, for example, you will be required to submit a separate order to reproduce the content on your company Website.

 

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Journal

Journal permission permits you to reproduce portions of the publisher's article in a journal issue. A journal is a publication that presents articles on a particular subject. Journal permission covers journals that are published and distributed no more frequently than weekly and can be distributed free of charge or for a fee to subscribers or retailers. Rights to reuse the material are granted only for the single journal issue (print and online) requested and these rights do not extend to subsequent use in print, online, on CD-ROM/DVDs (see website CD-ROM/DVD), or in any other format.

 

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Newsletter/newspaper/magazine

Newsletter permission enables you to reproduce portions of publisher's article in a newsletter. A newsletter is defined as a publication containing news of interest to a particular group or organization and sent on a regular basis. Rights to reuse the material are granted only for the single newsletter issue (print and online) requested and these rights do not extend to subsequent use in print, online, on CD-ROM/DVDs (see website CD-ROM/DVD), or in any other format.          

 

Newspaper permission enables you to reproduce portions of the publisher's article in a newspaper that is distributed within the United States or internationally. A newspaper is a publication printed frequently (daily or weekly) containing current news, periodicals, commentaries, and advertising. Your newspaper must be published in broadsheet or tabloid format and can be distributed free of charge or for a fee to subscribers or retailers. Rights to reuse the material are granted only for the single newspaper issue (print and online) requested and these rights do not extend to subsequent use in print, online, on CD-ROM/DVDs (see website CD-ROM/DVD), or in any other format.

 

Magazine permission enables you to reproduce portions of the publisher's article in a magazine. A magazine is a publication that presents articles on a variety of subjects.  Magazine permission covers magazines that are published and distributed no more frequently than weekly and can be distributed free of charge or for a fee to subscribers or retailers. Rights to reuse the material are granted only for the single magazine issue (print and online) requested and these rights do not extend to subsequent use in print, online, on CD-ROM/DVDs (see website CD-ROM/DVD), or in any other format.

 

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Photocopy

Photocopy rights permit you to photocopy publisher’s content according to the terms of the license granted. No content is delivered.

 

The following conditions apply to photocopies.

a. The copies must be of high quality and match the standard of the original article.

b. The copies must be a true reproduction word for word.

c. No proprietary/trade names may be substituted.

d. No additional text, tables or figures may be added to the original text.

e. The integrity of the article should be preserved, i.e., no advertisements will be printed on the article.

f.  The above permission does NOT include rights for any online or other electronic reproduction

 

If your organization has a license to photocopy through Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), or authorization to photocopy material for internal or personal use (or internal or personal use of specific clients).permission is granted by the American Society for Microbiology to libraries and others registered with CCC’s Transactional Reporting Service. This is provided that the base fee (contact CCC for prices) is paid directly to CCC at:

 

Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923.

(www.copyright.com)

Tel: +1 978 750 8400

 

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Presentation material/handout/poster

Presentation/handout/poster permissions authorize you to reference the text of the publisher's content in your publications of this type. The fee reflected is a one-time fee for one of the listed types of use only.

 

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Press Release

Press Release rights authorize you to reproduce publisher's content in a press release. A press release is defined as a written document distributed to members of the press to announce something newsworthy.

 

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Commercial Reprint

Reprints of American Society for Microbiology (ASM) content are similar to the online PDF version, professionally printed on quality paper using the entire article. Minimum reprint order quantity is 500 reprints. All reprints of ASM journal articles will carry an ASM disclaimer on the title page of the article. Please see “ASM Disclaimer Text” below for additional information.

 

ASM Disclaimer Text: The following ASM-approved disclaimer will be, without exception, center aligned at the top of the title page of every article reprint:  This reprint is provided courtesy of [COMPANY NAME], which has a financial interest in the product/topic discussed in this article. The American Society for Microbiology does not assume responsibility for the content of the following information.

 

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Translate Book

Book translation rights permit you to translate a single article of ASM’s journal content for republication in a book, according to the terms of the license granted. No translations are delivered.

 

The following conditions apply to translations:

a. The translation must be of high quality and match the standard of the original article.

b. The translation must be a true reproduction word for word.

c. All drug names must be generic; no proprietary/trade names may be substituted.

d. No additional text, tables or figures may be added to the translated text.

e. The integrity of the article should be preserved, i.e., no advertisements will be printed on the article.

f. The translated version of ASM material must also carry a disclaimer in English and in the language of the translation:

The American Society for Microbiology takes no responsibility for the accuracy of the translation from the published English original and is not liable for any errors which may occur. No responsibility is assumed, and responsibility is hereby disclaimed, by the American Society for Microbiology for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of methods, products, instructions or ideas presented in the Journal. Independent verification of diagnosis and drug dosages should be made. Discussions, views, and recommendations as to medical procedures, choice of drugs and drug dosages are the responsibility of the authors. The two versions (English and other language) of the disclaimer MUST appear on the inside front cover or at the beginning of the translated material.

 

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Translate Periodical

Periodical translation rights permit you to translate a single article of ASM’s journal content for republication in a periodical, according to the terms of the license granted. No translations are delivered.

 

The following conditions apply to translations:

a. The translation must be of high quality and match the standard of the original article.

b. The translation must be a true reproduction word for word.

c. All drug names must be generic; no proprietary/trade names may be substituted.

d. No additional text, tables or figures may be added to the translated text.

e. The integrity of the article should be preserved, i.e., no advertisements will be printed on the article.

f. The translated version of ASM material must also carry a disclaimer in English and in the language of the translation:

The American Society for Microbiology takes no responsibility for the accuracy of the translation from the published English original and is not liable for any errors which may occur. No responsibility is assumed, and responsibility is hereby disclaimed, by the American Society for Microbiology for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of methods, products, instructions or ideas presented in the Journal. Independent verification of diagnosis and drug dosages should be made. Discussions, views, and recommendations as to medical procedures, choice of drugs and drug dosages are the responsibility of the authors. The two versions (English and other language) of the disclaimer MUST appear on the inside front cover or at the beginning of the translated material.

 

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Public Domain and Crown Copyright

We ask authors to review the copyright statement associated with all ASM published content, as this is the best way to determine the terms of use.  Some articles published in ASM journals are U.S. Government and/ or “Crown” authored articles, and in those cases the following terms of use apply.

 

For articles in the public domain:

Check the copyright notice that appears with the abstract or on the first page of the article.

An article is in the public domain if all of the authors of the article worked for the U.S. Government when the article was written. Requesters who want to use material that appeared in articles that are in the public domain do not need permission if the notice on the article states, “not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Foreign copyrights may apply,” and credit to another source does not appear in the figure/table caption, if you are using figures/tables from the article. (But if the figure table was from another source and this source is acknowledged in the legend, caption, or footnotes, you must seek permission from that original source.)

 

For articles subject to “Crown” copyright:

Check the notice that appears with the abstract or on the first page of the article.

If one or more of the authors of a requested article worked for the government of Australia, Canada, or the United Kingdom when the article was written, a “Crown” copyright notice appears. Write directly to the authors of the article for permission, because the author’s government owns copyright to the article. (If the figure table was from another source and this source is acknowledged in the legend, caption, or footnotes, you must seek permission from that original source.)

 

If you have questions about the terms of use associated with an image or an article, please reach out to journals@asmusa.org

 

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mBio® Articles Additional Information

Author(s) of the mBio® article selected

ASM publishes mBio® articles under the Creative Commons “Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike” license.  The author(s) retain copyright under this license. Starting in 2016, articles are covered under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.  Others may adapt, reorganize, and build upon the published work for non-commercial purposes, as long as credit to the author and original article is given, and the new work, which includes the previously published content, is licensed under identical terms. This means that others will be able to download and redistribute translate, adapt, reorganize, and build upon your work as well. All new work based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivative works that comply with these terms will also be non-commercial in nature.  “Proper credit” means the citation line shown on the first page of your article [e.g., Steel, J., A. C. Lowen, T. Wang, et al. 2010. An influenza virus vaccine based on the conserved hemagglutinin stalk domain. mBio 1(1):e00018-10. doi:10.1128/mBio.00018-10]

(Note that articles published prior to 2016 are covered by the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 license.)

 

 

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Some mBio articles may be published under the Creative Commons Attribution license. (see “Reuse of CC-BY Content” section )

 

Author(s)’ rights include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

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May I use the ASM Author Services System to submit payments for licenses procured through RightsLink?

The ASM Author Services System is an online billing system designed specifically for ASM journal authors who have articles in press. Payments for RightsLink orders are processed separately by Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink service.

 

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Attribution and Permission Statement

ASM publishes mBio articles under the Creative Commons “Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike” license.  The author(s) retain copyright under this license.  You must include the citation to the original publication and  permission notice in connection with any reproduction of the licensed material, i.e. Authors, Journal name, year, volume, page numbers, DOI and reproduced/amended with permission from American Society for Microbiology under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike license.

 

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Category of Reuse

Category of reuse identifies the type of organization you represent and your intended use of the article. Your response will determine licensing rights and associated ASM pricing. Please select the category of reuse type offered in the drop-down menu which best reflects for whom the license is being procured:

 

Noncommercial: Use that is not intended for or directed towards commercial advantage. This would include the following:

 

Commercial: Use by an organization legally recognized as a commercial entity (demonstrated, for example, by payment of taxes or being incorporated). The content being requested will be distributed for a fee or is supported by advertising/corporate sponsorship. This includes:

 

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Supplemental Material

See Attribution and Permission Statement above, as it applies to supplemental material as well.

 

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